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SWAZILAND: african untapped peaceful and developing nations

Swaziland is one of the African untapped, peaceful and developing nations, located in the southern African region with boundaries between southern Africa and Mozamburq .it occupies about 17,364sqkm and have the population of about 1.2million people. The people of Swaziland are known as the Swazis.

Swaziland is one of the African untapped, peaceful and developing nations, located in the southern African region with boundaries between southern Africa and Mozamburq .it occupies about 17,364sqkm and have the population of about 1.2million people. The people of Swaziland are known as the Swazis.  

About 3000 years ago, during the great Bantu migration, they migrated from the central and eastern Africa, then they were known as the Bantu Nguni people and they settled at the Delagoa Bay the present day Maputo after many splitting on their way. They were under the leadership of a man called chief Dlamini, who formed the dynasty , then in the mid 18th century, the increasing pressures from other Nguni clan forced king Ngwane11who took over after the death of chief Dlamini to lead his people southwards crossing the Pongola river and the Lubombo mountain to settle in the present day Swaziland King Ngwane was succeeded by another king Sobhuza 1, he leads the people further after many strifes with the Zulu kingdom to Ezulwini valley which today remains the centre of the Swazi Royalty and rituals. When king Sobhuza 1 died in 1839, Swaziland was twice its present size, but troubles and continuous fighting with the Zulus reduced their size until king Mswati 1 came to power, King Mswati 1 was the strongest fighting king, he managed to keep the people together as a country and he called them the Swazis. 

He was succeeded by king Ngwane 111 who ruled between 1750 and gave them the name Ka Ngwane, the people of Ngwane, he ruled alongside his mother Thandile ndwandwe Nxumalo daughter of king Zwide and was succeeded by king Ndungunye who was killed by lightning between 1810  to 1839, another king sobhuza 1 popularly known as somhlolo succeeded the throne he was to be succeeded by a crown prince Ludvonga,but  died before his coronation between 1855 to 1874, so another son of Mswati 111, king Mbandzeni  came to power and ruled between 1875 to 1889. He was succeeded by another vibrant king known as king Bhunu, he almost lost the throne to internal struggle, he ruled with his mother Labotsibeni also known as Gwamile.

King Bhunu was succeeded by king Sobhuza 11, who ruled under the British colonial masters, he lead the nation to independence from the British colonial master in 1968 he ruled from 1921 to 1982, died at the age of 83years and was succeeded by the present day king who was born the same year they got independent .

King Mswati 111 was born on the 25th april 1968, he came into power in 1986 and has been ruling alongside his mother Ntombi from the Tfwala clan.

In Swaziland,the king is both the paramount ruler and commander in chief of the armed  forces  and he s refers to traditionally refers to as the Ngwenyama or the Lion, he rules along with the mother as the  Queen mother and refers to as the Ndlovukazi, the female elephant.

The affairs of the country is runned by the parliament ,headed by the prime minister who take directives from the king. Being the about the only remaining mornach in Africa .

Presently the country is divided into four regions, the Hhoho, Manzini, Lubombo and Shelsilweni regions, it have two major cities and nine towns with other semi urban areas and rural villages,  Mbabane is presently the capital city while manzini is the commercial center, 1km from Manzini is Matsapha, which is the nations industrial town, here your have the factories where clothings are manufacture for export , the small international airport is also located there.

Swaziland as undefiled Africa as it is often  refers is endowed with many traditional heritages and colourful festivals, which attracts lots of dignitries and visitors annually. Among which are the reed dance or umhlanga, this takes place between the month of August and September. It attracts maiden from every part of the kingdom, it provides occassion for the maiden refers to as mbalis, usually, virgins to pay homage to there majesty the king and Queen mother, it usually attracts lots of tourists, the maidens are colourfully dressed in there traditional beads around there waist leaving the breast barred.

occasionally the kings picks a wife from the festival. Also is the annual incwala ceremony, which takes place between December and January , it s the country”s most sacred and important festival, it features activities like the king going into seclusion for weeks, the  male regiments {tingaja} cutting the sacred shrub (lusekwane} , the elderly men weaving these branches between poles for the kings private sanctuary and many other rituals, before the ceremony begins, some young warriors are sent to fetch water from the Indian ocean by Maputo and the ceremony ends with the king coming out of seclusion and dancing the big incwala, it also includes weeding of the kings farm by the warriors.

There are other festivals like the Buganu festivals which is about thecelebration of the  harvest of the first fruit. Etc

The swazis have two types of marriage, the marriage under swazi law and custom, which permits a man to marry as many wives as he like, it starts with a process called tekae, which is more like engagement before the lobola is paid, the lobola is usually 17 cows for first borns daughter  who happens to be the fathers daughter and the last daughter who belong to the mother, others can be negotiated for say 15 cows

Also is the marriage under civil law which permit only one wife , remarring will demand a divous  before another marriage.

Swaziland have many historic places , like the king sobhuza s memorial park, Swaziland meuseum ,at lobamba , there attractive tourist areas like the Hlane big game reserve, mkaya wildlife sanctuary , shwula mountain , maguga dam, nisela , mlilwane wild life sanctuary etc.,

There are many exquisite hotels like, summer field, Royal swazi sun, lugogo sun, happy valley hotel and casino, esibayeni lodge ets

Swaziland is surrounded by  beautiful mountains ,and valleys , there major source of income is sugar and citrus , agriculture is done in little scale,

The local currencies is called emalangeni and cents,there are banks like fnb, swazi bank, standard bank, ned bank all controlled by the Swaziland central bank. The currency have the same value with the south African Rand.

When coming , you can come by road through various boarder, the three major  boarders are osheok/Ngwenya if you are coming from johannesburq, lomahasha/Nehamasha  from Maputo and lavumisa  from Durban. There are other border posts around the country. The boarder is opened from 7am to 12 pm. Visas and entry documents are required.

The swazis are highly hospitable, no wonder tourism has became a source of income generation though in a little scale. There are  four seasons  ,summer, autuum, winter and spring.

The major religion are the traditional worship of the ancestors and Christianity, though there are recent influx of other religions like islam and bahai etc

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